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The Sutherland Collection

Summary list of the collection, by date

It has become clear that the works listed in the Bodleian's catalogue under 'Sutherland' shelfmarks can be considered as several distinct groups, based upon the points at which they entered the library. To summarise, these are:

  1. Items given by Mrs Sutherland in 1837 and delivered in 1839
  2. Items delivered by Mrs Sutherland in 1839, in addition to those given in 1837
  3. Items given by Mrs Sutherland in 1843
  4. Miscellaneous items
  5. Items for which there is no evidence

Each category is best considered separately (follow this link to see the entire collection, listed by shelfmark).

1. Items given by Mrs Sutherland in 1837 and delivered in 1839

These items are listed in Mrs Sutherland's letter offering the collection to the Bodleian.[1]

Clarendon’s History, Continuation and Life, extra-illustrated in 31 volumes Sutherland 69-81, 92-103 & 113-17
Burnet’s History of his Own Times, extra-illustrated in 26 volumes Sutherland 118-25, 136-48 & 157-61
4 volumes of prints too large for the volumes of Clarendon and Burnet Sutherland 168-71
Alexander Hendras Sutherland’s MS index to the collection (2 volumes) Sutherland 133-4
Sutherland’s rough MS index to the collection (2 volumes in 1) Sutherland 132
The copy of Clarendon used by Sutherland to make his notes (4 volumes) Sutherland 126-9
The copy of Burnet used by Sutherland to make his notes (3 volumes) Sutherland 130-31
The large-paper copy of the printed catalogue which accompanied the collection (3 volumes) Sutherland 1-3

The fact that the Catalogue is restricted to these items suggests that they constitute the core of the collection, as conceived both by Alexander Hendras Sutherland, and by Charlotte Sutherland up to 1837, when she decided to present it to the Bodleian. The copy of the Catalogue seems to have been delivered earlier than the rest of the collection: it appears in the Bodleian's published acquisition list for 1839.[2]

In addition, Madan lists the Wyngearde Panorama as having been presented in 1837 and delivered in 1839:[3]

Anthonis van den Wyngaerde, The Panorama of London, c.1544 Sutherland 51

These works are neatly summarised by Mrs Sutherland in the Catalogue:

The Collection is an Illustration of Clarendon's History of the Rebellion, with the Life and Continuation; and of Burnett's History of his own Times: the former in thirty-one, the latter in twenty-six volumes; in which the letter-press of the original folio editions is inlaid, forming books 23 inches in height by 19 inches in width; and the prints are placed opposite the pages in which the subject of them is mentioned. To contain those illustrations which are too large for the set of volumes, there are four, (bound and filled since the death of Mr. Sutherland), measuring 27½ inches by 21¼ inches. The Indices, which are of Mr. Sutherland's writing, form two volumes, 19½ inches by 13½ inches. The sixty-five Volumes are handsomely but chastely bound in Russia leather. There are also two additional Volumes, (termed by Mr. Sutherland Rough Index), containing references to every page throughout the works, in which every particular person or place mentioned by the authors is named or alluded to.[4]

The richness of the collection by September 1838 can be ascertained from some of the statistics published by Mrs Sutherland in her preface:[5]

Subject individual prints plates represented
Charles I 759 581
Charles II 557 432
Cromwell 379 255
William III 436 367
London 311 249

2. Items delivered by Mrs Sutherland in 1839, in addition to those given in 1837

The primary evidence for the presentation of these works, and their status as part of the collection, is two manuscript notes by Mrs Sutherland, bound into copies of the Catalogue.[6] These are supplemented by letters to Dr Bulkeley Bandinel (Bodley's Librarian) of 14 February 1838, enquiring whether the Library possessed a copy of the Dalrymple,[7] and of 15 March 1838, stating that the Dalrymple would be presented as part of the Sutherland Collection;[8] a note by Dr Bandinel summarising the works which would be included in the collection, which must date after 15 March 1838 and lists the Dalrymple, Heath, Bromley, sale catalogues and Shakespeare texts and prints;[9] and letters to Dr Bandinel of 13 February 1839, enquiring after the Bénard, Catalogue raisonné, Peck and Lelong,[10] and of 20 February enquiring after the Fox, Ricraft, review of Burnet and Kit-Cat Club.[11] However, those marked with an asterisk were listed in the Bodleian's published acquisition list for 1843.[12]

Heath’s Chronicle (with some extra-illustrations, in 2 volumes) Sutherland 44-5
Josiah Ricraft, A Survey of Englands Champions and Truths faithfull Patriots, with John Leycester, The Civill Warres of England briefly Related, London, 1818 Sutherland 46
Scott’s edition of Dalrymple’s Preservation of Charles II (extra-illustrated) Sutherland 47
‘A Gentleman’, A Review of Bishop Burnet’s History Of his Own Times Sutherland 48
Lelong’s Liste … des Portraits gravés des françois et françoises Sutherland 52
*Bénard’s Cabinet de M. Paignon Dijonval Sutherland 53
*Bromley’s Catalogue of Engraved British Portraits Sutherland 54
A parcel of catalogues of print sales Sutherland 55-60
*A Catalogue Raisonné of the Select Collection of Engravings of an Amateur Sutherland 61
*Francis Peck, New Memoirs of the Life and Poetical Works of Mr. John Milton, and id., Memoirs of the Life and Actions of Oliver Cromwell Sutherland 62
*Memoirs of the Life of Sir Stephen Fox, reprint, London, 1807 Sutherland 67
The Dramatic Works of Shakspeare, revised by George Steevens Sutherland 104-112
Faber’s mezzotints of Kneller’s Kit-Cat Club Sutherland 162
A Collection of Prints, From Pictures Painted for the Purpose of Illustrating the Dramatic Works of Shakspeare Sutherland 172-3

These items can be divided into five types:

  1. Works of antiquarian interest, extra-illustrated to some degree (44-8, 62, 67)
  2. Works on the history or collecting of prints (52-54, 61)
  3. Sale catalogues (55-60)
  4. Illustrated works (162, 172-3)
  5. The Steevens edition of Shakespeare (104-112)

They seem to be unrelated Mrs Sutherland's own collection of prints, which were presented to the Bodleian in 1843, which presumably explains her decision to transfer them to the Library in 1839, with the core collection.

Many of the sale catalogues are marked up with purchasers and prices realised; some also seem to indicate prints which the Sutherlands hoped to acquire. Follow this link for a summary list of sale catalogues within the collection.

In addition, Mrs Sutherland's letter to Dr Bandinel of 13 February 1839 lists two volumes which she was considering presenting that year, but which were not to be considered part of the collection:[13]

Richard Burton, Admirable Curiosities, Rarities, and Wonders, in England, Scotland, and Ireland; id., The History of the Kingdom of Ireland; id., The History of the Kingdom of Scotland, all new eds, London, 1811-13 Sutherland 63
Richard Burton, Historical Remarks on the Ancient and Present State of the Cities of London and Westminster; and id., The Wars in England, Scotland and Ireland, both new eds, London, 1810 Sutherland 64

3. Items given by Mrs Sutherland in 1843

All these items are listed in the Bodleian's published list of accessions for 1843.[14]

Thomas Worlidge, A Select Collection of Drawings from Curious Antique Gems Sutherland 10-11
Dibdin, Bibliographical Decameron, 5 volumes (some extra-illustrations) Sutherland 12-16
Dibdin, Aedes Althorpianae, 2 volumes (a few extra-illustrations) Sutherland 17-18
Dibdin, Bibliographical Antiquarian and Picturesque Tour, 4 volumes (some extra-illustrations) Sutherland 19-22
Orford, Royal and Noble Authors, extra-illustrated in 21 volumes Sutherland 23-43
Memoirs of Count Grammont, ‘a new translation’, extra-illustrated in 2 volumes Sutherland 65-6
Letters from Mrs Delany to Mrs Frances Hamilton, 2nd ed., extra-illustrated in 1 volume Sutherland 68
The Life and Times of Frederick Reynolds, 2nd ed., extra-illustrated in 4 volumes Sutherland 82-5
The British Gallery of Contemporary Portraits Sutherland 86-7
Select Views of London and its Environs Sutherland 149
[Samuel Woodburn ed.], Ecclesiastical Topography Sutherland 150
Coxe, Travels in Switzerland, extra-illustrated in 2 volumes Sutherland 151-5
[Thomas Bensley], Select Views in Mysore Sutherland 156
M. Rigaud, Veuës de France Sutherland 163
John Frederick Miller and George Shaw, Cimelia Physica Sutherland 165
Miscellaneous prints and drawings, bound into 3 volumes Sutherland 166-7 & 174

The core of the collection is formed by Mrs Sutherland's own extra-illustrated works: the three books by Dibdin, the Orford, Grammont, Delany, Reynolds, Coxe and accompanying volumes of outsize material. Although the manuscript index to these extra-illustrated volumes was only sent in August 1849, it clearly belongs to Mrs Sutherland's collection:[15]

Charlotte Sutherland, General Index to Prints Sutherland 135

As is made clear in the General Index, Charlotte Sutherland conceived of this collection as a whole; it was, however, hers rather than her husband's.

The other works presented in 1843 are notable for their illustrations.

4. Miscellaneous items

Mrs Sutherland sent the following item to the Bodleian in May 1841, stating clearly that it should be kept separate from the Sutherland Collection:[16]

Robert Crawford Dillon, The Lord Mayor’s Visit to Oxford Sutherland 49

The following items, whilst relating to the Wyngaerde panorama, must have entered the collection after 1843, when all save Mrs Sutherland's index to her own extra-illustrated volumes had been presented:[17]

Nathaniel Whittock, London, Westminster and Southwark, as they appeared A.D. 1543; and id., Southwark and London Bridge as they appeared about 1546 Sutherland 50
Two photographic prints of a drawing of Rome, owned by Mr. St. Clair Baddeley, 1913 Sutherland 175

5. Items for which there is no evidence

Charlotte Sutherland, Catalogue of the Sutherland Collection, small-paper edition in 3 vols Sutherland 4-6
Charlotte Sutherland, Catalogue of the Sutherland Collection, small-paper edition in 3 vols Sutherland 7-9
Robert Crawford Dillon, The Lord Mayor’s Visit to Oxford Sutherland 49
Richard Earlom, Liber Veritatis … after the Original Designs of Claude le Lorrain, 3 vols Sutherland 88-90
[George Marceline], Epithalamium Gallo-Britannicum, accompanied by the large frontispiece Sutherland 91
Alexander Hendras Sutherland, Wants in the Clarendon, MS[18] Sutherland 133*
Alexander Hendras Sutherland, Wants in the Burnett, MS Sutherland 134*
Henry Swinburne, Picturesque Tour through Spain Sutherland 164

Pages with additional information

Notes

  1. Charlotte Sutherland to Bulkeley Bandinel, 3 May 1838, in 'Letters &c.', fol. 3. For the MS indices, see also Madan, nos 28465-7.[back to text] [bibliography]
  2. Curators, Catalogue ... 1837, p. 45. [back to text] [bibliography]
  3. Madan, no. 28464. [back to text] [bibliography]
  4. Sutherland, p. xi. [back to text] [bibliography]
  5. Sutherland, pp. xiii, Supplement iii-iv, & 591. [back to text] [bibliography]
  6. Sutherland 1, following p. xiv; Sutherland 4, following p. x. [back to text] [bibliography]
  7. Charlotte Sutherland to Bulkeley Bandinel, 14 February 1838, in 'Letters &c.', fol. 15. [back to text] [bibliography]
  8. Charlotte Sutherland to Bulkeley Bandinel, 15 March 1838, in 'Letters &c.', fol. 15. [back to text] [bibliography]
  9. Bulkeley Bandinel, note, after 15 March 1838, in 'Letters &c.', fol. 12; for the Shakespeare, see also Macray, p. 258. [back to text] [bibliography]
  10. Charlotte Sutherland to Bulkeley Bandinel, 13 February 1839, in 'Letters &c.', fol. 18. [back to text] [bibliography]
  11. Charlotte Sutherland to Bulkeley Bandinel, 20 February 1839, in 'Letters &c.', fol. 20. [back to text] [bibliography]
  12. Curators, Catalogue ... 1843, pp. 61-2. [back to text] [bibliography]
  13. Charlotte Sutherland to Bulkeley Bandinel, 13 February 1839, in 'Letters &c.', fol. 18. [back to text] [bibliography]
  14. Curators, Catalogue ... 1843, pp. 61-2; Macray, p. 258; the Orford is described as presented in 1843 by Madan, no. 28463, and Cratser, p. 113. [back to text] [bibliography]
  15. Charlotte Sutherland, letter to Bulkeley Bandinel, 16 August 1849, in 'Letters &c.', fol. 27; Madan, no. 28468. [back to text] [bibliography]
  16. Charlotte Sutherland, letter to Bulkeley Bandinel, 27 May 1841, in 'Letters &c.', fol. 23. [back to text] [bibliography]
  17. Brown, p. 7, dates the Whittock engraving of London, Westminster and Southwark to 1849; the photographs are dated to 1913. [back to text] [bibliography]
  18. For this and the following volume, see Madan, nos 30689-90: 'No doubt these lists came in 1839 with the Sutherland collection' - although there is no other evidence for this precise date. [back to text] [bibliography]

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