Clarendon, History of the Rebellion, vol. II, part 1, page 2

James Thomson after van Dyck, George, Lord Goring. Print. WA.Suth.C.2.002.01.aJames Thomson after van Dyck, George, Lord Goring. Print. WA.Suth.C.2.002.02.aJames Thomson after van Dyck, George, Lord Goring. Print. WA.Suth.C.2.002.02.bB. Cole, A Prospect of Portsmouth and the Royal Navy. Print. WA.Suth.C.2.002.03.aAfter Stukeley, View in the Port of Portsmouth. Print. WA.Suth.C.2.002.03.bB. Cole, A Prospect from Portsmouth and the Royal Navy. Print. WA.Suth.C.2.002.03.cNathaniel and Samuel Buck, The South View of Sherborne Castle. Print. WA.Suth.C.2.002.04.a

jesties being taken out of his bed, if the Rebels should make a brisk
attempt to that purpose.” And it was evident, all the Strength he had
to depend upon was his Horse, which were under the Command of
Prince Rupert at Leicester, and were not at that time in Number above
eight hundred, few better arm’d than with Swords; whilst the Enemy
had, within less than twenty Miles of that place, double the Number
of Horse excellently arm’d and appointed, and a Body of five thousand
Foot well train’d, and disciplin’d, so that, no doubt, if they had ad-
vanced, they might at least have dispersed those few Troops of the Kings,
and driven his Majesty to a greater distance, and exposed him to nota-
ble hazards and inconveniencies.

When Men were allmost confounded with this prospect, his Ma-
jesty receiv’d Intelligence, that Portsmouth was so streightly besieged by
Sea and Land, that it would be reduced in very few days, except it were
reliev’d. For the truth is, Colonel Goring, though he had sufficient
warning; and sufficient supplies of Money to put that place into a po-
sture, had relied too much upon probable and casual assistance, and
neglected to do that Himself which a vigilant Officer would have done:
and albeit his chief dependence was both for money and provisions from
the Isle of Wight, yet he was careless to secure those small Castles and
Block-houses, that guarded the passage; which, revolting to the Parlia-
ment assoon [sic] as he declared for the King, cut off all those dependences;
so that he had neither Men enough to do ordinary duty, nor provisions
enough for those few, for any considerable time. And at the same time
with this news of Portsmouth, arrived certain Advertisements, that
the Marquis of Hertford, and all his Forces in the West, from whom
only the King hoped that Portsmouth should be reliev’d, was driven
out of Somerset-shire, where his power and interest was believ’d un-
questionable, into Dorset-shire; and there besieged in Sherborne Castle.

The Marquis, after he left the King at Beverly, by ordinary jour-
neys, and without making any long stay by the way, came to Bath,
upon the very edge of Somerset-shire, at the time when the General As-
sizes were there held; where, meeting all the considerable Gentlemen
of that great County, and finding them well affected to the King’s Ser-
vice, except very few who were sufficiently known, he enter’d into con-
sultation with them from whom he was to expect assistance, in what
place he should most conveniently fix himself for the better disposing
the Affections of the People, and to raise a strength for the resistance of
any attempt which the Parliament might make, either against them or
to disturb the Peace of the Country by their Ordinance of the Militia,
which was the first power they were like to hear of. Some were of opi-
nion, “that Bristol would be the fittest place, being a great, rich, and
populous City; of which being once possessed, they should be easily
able to give the Law to Somerset and Gloucester-shire; and could not
receive any Affront by a suddain or tumultuary Insurrection of the
People”. And if this advice had been followed, it would, probably,
have proved very prosperous. But, on the contrary, it was objected,
“that it was not evident, that his Lordships reception into the City
would be such as was expected; Mr Hollis being Lieutenant thereof,
and having exercised the Militia there; and there being visibly many
disaffected people in it, and some of Eminent Quality; and if he should
attempt to go thither and be disappointed, it would break the whole
Design : Then that it was out of the County of Somerset, and therefore

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